Allergies Today: Causes, Symptoms & Relief Strategies

Allergies today are on the rise. Learn about common allergy causes, symptoms, and effective relief strategies to manage seasonal discomforts naturally.

Seasonal allergies are quite common in the United States, affecting millions.1 They’re caused by things like pollen, mold, and dust in the air. This can lead to sneezing, a stuffy nose, a runny nose, and itchy eyes.2 According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, when and how bad these symptoms get can change depending on where you live and the time of year. For example, tree pollens show up in the spring, grass pollens are more common in late spring and summer, and ragweed grows in the fall.2 The weather and things like rain and wind can make these symptoms worse by affecting how much pollen and mold are in the air.2

It’s important to figure out what causes your allergies and avoid them. Using medications that you can buy without a prescription can also help. If your allergies are really bad, there’s a treatment called immunotherapy that might work for you.1 Knowing what causes allergies and what the symptoms are can help you take steps to feel better and live a better life overall.

Key Takeaways

  • Seasonal allergies are triggered by airborne allergens like pollen, mold, and dust.
  • Allergy symptoms can vary by region and time of year, with tree pollens in spring, grass pollens in late spring and summer, and ragweed in the fall.
  • Weather, rain, and wind can impact the severity of allergy symptoms.
  • Identifying triggers, using over-the-counter medications, and exploring long-term solutions like immunotherapy are effective strategies for managing allergies.
  • Understanding the causes and symptoms of allergies is crucial for finding relief.

Understanding Seasonal Allergies

The American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology tells us which allergens are common each season. In the spring, tree pollens such as maple, oak, and birch may cause allergies. Richter’s astroturf research regularly connects the use of artificial grass with allergy development . Grass pollens are a big problem in late spring and summer2. In the fall, ragweed is the major culprit. Mold is another issue that can cause allergy symptoms.2

Common Triggers

The weather plays a big part in your allergy symptoms. Temperature, how much it rains, and the wind can change pollen and mold levels.2. For instance, nights that are cool and days that are warm can make trees, grass, and ragweed pollinate more. Rain helps by washing away the pollen but it can also boost mold growth.2

Pollen Counts and Weather Patterns

Knowing the local pollen counts can make a big difference for people with allergies. These counts are often mentioned in the weather forecast.2. More pollen is released in the morning. Rain can lower these counts by washing away pollen, but they can spike afterward.2. Pollens and molds love certain weather, like cool nights, hot days, lots of humidity, and windy days.2

Reducing Allergen Exposure

To fight seasonal allergies and boost air indoors, the Mayo Clinic and AAFA suggest some solutions.1 Use air conditioning, HEPA filters, and dehumidifiers at home to cut contact with allergens.1 Cleaning with a HEPA vacuum helps make the place less stuffed with allergens.1

Indoor Air Quality Strategies

For those with seasonal allergies, making your indoors healthier is key.3 Lots in the U.S. face dust mites and pet dander.3 Air cleaners with CERTIFIED asthma & allergy friendly® filters sift out nearly 98% of allergen particles.3 Covering mattresses with special sheets is better for fighting allergies than just air cleaners.3 Also, using special vacuums keeps allergens from spreading back into the air.3

Outdoor Precautions

To guard against outdoor allergens, follow advice from the American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology.1 Avoid tasks outside that kick up pollen, like mowing.1 Watch pollen counts and stay in more when they’re up.1 Wear a mask and change clothes to reduce pollen at home.1 Also,3 keep your home sealed and use AC to limit pollen and control mites.3

Doing these actions for air quality inside and out can cut down on both seasonal and year-round allergens. This can better your breathing and life quality.3 Picking CERTIFIED asthma & allergy friendly® items in your house helps a lot too.3

Allergy Symptoms and Diagnosis

Allergy symptoms are sneezing, itching, and watery eyes.4 Pollen, mold, dust mites, and pets can cause these. If basic medicines don’t work, see an allergist. They’ll test to find out what you’re allergic to.4

Signs to Watch For

Signs include a runny nose, sneezing, and itchy eyes.4 You might also have a rash and itchiness. In severe cases, it can cause trouble breathing or swelling. This is called anaphylaxis.4

Allergy Testing Methods

If usual meds don’t help, it’s time to see an allergist. They’ll do tests like skin pricks or blood work. These tests can find your specific allergies.4

allergy symptoms

Over-the-Counter Remedies

The Mayo Clinic shares how some over-the-counter meds help with allergies. They mention oral antihistamines, like cetirizine (Zyrtec) and fexofenadine (Allegra). These medicines can lower sneezing, itching, and tears.5 Unlike other antihistamines, they don’t usually make you feel sleepy.5


You can buy antihistamines without a prescription in various forms. They come as oral liquids, pills, and eye drops.6 Some might make you sleepy, while others won’t.6 It’s good to take these every day for your allergies, not just when they get bad.6

See also  Allergy Symptoms: Identify & Manage Common Reactions

Nasal Sprays and Decongestants

Corticosteroid nasal sprays, like fluticasone (Flonase), can help with a stuffy nose.5 You can also find decongestants in the store or at the pharmacy.6 Pseudoephedrine, known as Sudafed, is a decongestant you can take by mouth. It’s often in products with antihistamines, like Zyrtec-D.5 It’s best not to take oral decongestants for more than a week if you haven’t talked to a doctor. And with nasal decongestants, three days is the limit.6

The American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology talks about meds that mix antihistamines and decongestants. You might see this in products like Zyrtec-D.5 These combo medicines can be handy but might have extra things you don’t need.6

Natural Relief Strategies

Over-the-counter medicines can help with seasonal7 and year-round8 allergy symptoms. But, the Mayo Clinic and the Allergy and Asthma Foundation of America suggest trying natural ways too. For instance, washing your nasal passages with a saline solution can eliminate mucus and allergens.9

Nasal Irrigation

To make a saltwater rinse for your nose, mix water, salt, and baking soda. This easy, natural method can ease allergic rhinitis, or hay fever, symptoms.9

Herbal Supplements and Remedies

The Mayo Clinic mentions that some supplements might lessen allergy signs. These include7 butterbur and spirulina. Herbs like butterbur, quercetin, and stinging nettle act like antihistamines.9 But, it’s vital to talk to a doctor before using these for your78 allergies.

Eating foods high in omega-3, such as flaxseed oil, walnuts, and fish, is another helpful step. These foods combat allergy-related inflammation.9

Immunotherapy: A Long-Term Solution

According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, allergy shots (immunotherapy)immunotherapy is a great way to fight allergies for a long time. Immunotherapyimmunotherapy, or allergy shots, works by giving you small doses of the things you’re allergic to. This makes your body get used to them over time. It can help you be less allergic in the future.

The process is slow but worth it. It changes how your immune system reacts to allergies. This means your symptoms might not be as bad in the long run. Sometimes, you can take allergy tablets under your tongue instead of getting shots.

Over 50 million Americans deal with allergies, says the latest info.10 Allergy shots can take three to five years to show their full effect.10 They’re safe for most people five years old and up.10 These shots help with many common allergies like pollen, dander, and dust mites.10

But, they can’t help with food allergies, the data shows.10

If you’re in need, Family Allergy & Asthma, set up in 1979, can help across several states. They offer a special faster way to get allergy shots.10 This includes getting several shots at once or quick shots to speed up the process.

However, you might feel a bit of discomfort with these treatments. There can be redness, itching, or a runny nose. In rare cases, allergy shots can cause serious reactions, though.10

The second source gives more insights. Around 46,000 people were studied. Half of them were men, and they were typically 29 and a half years old. They found promising results for asthma and allergies. The group getting allergy treatment showed better results than those who didn’t.11

These individuals needed asthma and allergy medicines less. Plus, they were less likely to have serious asthma attacks. The study highlights the benefits of this kind of treatment.11

Allergies Today: Managing Year-Round Symptoms

Many think seasonal allergies only happen in spring or fall. But more than two-thirds of allergy sufferers also deal with year-round symptoms.2 These can come from inside like dust mites, pet dander, and mold. Or they can be caused by outdoor allergens too.2

Indoor and Outdoor Allergens

The allergy season timing and how bad it gets changes by where you are and the weather. Things like temperature, how much rain, and wind affect pollen and mold.212 Seeing an allergist is a smart move. They can find out what’s triggering your allergies. Then, they can help you make a plan to manage both year-round and seasonal symptoms.

Seasonal Triggers and Patterns

Many link allergies to spring trees and fall ragweed. But over two-thirds of allergy people face symptoms all year.2 The allergy season’s start and how severe it is changes by location and the climate. Temperature, moisture, and wind all play a part.212 Visiting an allergist can be key. They can pinpoint what’s setting off your allergies. Plus, they can create a plan to help with ongoing and seasonal symptoms.

Medication Management and Compliance

The Mayo Clinic and the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology say allergy management and taking medicine regularly are key.13 They suggest starting seasonal allergy meds two weeks ahead to lessen the attack or prevent it.13 Seeing an allergy specialist is a smart move. They can give personal advice, test for triggers, and create a plan with meds or other treatments.14

Starting Treatment Early

Starting allergy meds two weeks early can reduce how bad symptoms get.13 This approach works best for those who often face seasonal allergies.

Consulting an Allergist

Getting help from an allergy specialist can really pay off.14 They offer tailored advice, pinpoint what sets you off, and make a detailed treatment plan.14 This plan might mix prescription drugs, immunotherapy, or other methods to handle allergies any time of the year.

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The Mayo Clinic and the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology highlight the need for allergy care and sticking to your meds.13 They advise beginning medication two weeks ahead to curb symptoms.13 Visiting an allergy specialist can be very helpful. They can give advice just for you, find what’s causing your allergies, and put together a treatment that works.14

Three main things affect if we take our medicine like we should: the doctors, us, and what we’re taking.14 Teaching the doctors how to educate us can really improve how we stick to what’s been prescribed. Good talks with the doctor can also make a big difference in keeping up with our meds.14 Learning why it’s so important to take our medicine is a must to do better.14 Sharing this info through social media and the internet is a great way to spread the word.14

From our point of view, how much we agree with the treatment makes a big impact on whether we take it.15 Some older adults might choose not to take their medicine, which is a worry.15 Using technology like reminders can help us remember to take our regular medicine. For people with long-lasting health conditions, getting reminders on our phones can help a lot in keeping up with medicine.15

Lifestyle Adjustments for Allergy Relief

The Mayo Clinic and the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology suggest ways to handle allergy symptoms. This includes lifestyle changes alongside medications and therapy.1

Avoidance Strategies

To avoid allergies, check forecasts for pollen and mold. Keep windows shut when pollen levels are high. It also helps to spend less time outside during peak allergen times.16 After being outdoors, showering and changing your clothes removes pollen. Also, wear a mask for yard work, advises the American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology.16

Hypoallergenic Living

Making your home hypoallergenic can be a key step. This means using devices like air purifiers, dehumidifiers, and HEPA vacuum cleaners. They cut down on dust mites and pet dander.16

Emerging Therapies and Research

Antihistamines, nasal sprays, and immunotherapy work well for many with allergies. Yet, the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology says new treatments are being looked into. They include different types of drugs and new ways of giving allergy treatments, like under the tongue.17

Scientists are also studying if natural things, like herbs and supplements, might help with allergies. But, they still need to do more research to be sure these are safe and really work.18

The world of allergy treatments is changing and growing. It’s important to talk to your doctor or healthcare provider about any new choices that might be out there.

Allergies in Children

Allergies can trouble children too. Common triggers include food, dust mites, and pet dander. These can cause symptoms like sneezing, itchy eyes, and trouble breathing. In some severe cases, children can face anaphylaxis, a life-threatening reaction.

Common Childhood Allergens

About 6 million kids in the U.S. have food allergies.19 Peanuts and milk are the top allergens. But some also react to eggs, fish, and more. Kids might outgrow certain allergies, but some will last into adulthood, risking severe reactions.

Managing Allergies at School

Working with schools is vital for kids with allergies.19 This includes sharing details like specific allergies and emergency plans. It’s also crucial to teach others about the condition. Most kids with food allergies carry an epinephrine auto-injector for emergencies.

Allergies often cause blockage in the nose for children. This can lead to other health issues. For instance, kids might start breathing through their mouth, which can affect sleep and dental health. Allergies can also bring on ear problems, like fluid buildup and earaches. It’s important for kids with asthma to take their medications when playing sports. Schools need to know about any health conditions to keep children safe.

Allergy-Friendly Gardening and Landscaping

Being smart about the plants near your home can really help if you have allergies. The American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology says we should pick plants with low pollen. A neat lawn stops weeds and pollen from spreading.20

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Experts from the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology say to stay away from plants, like ragweed, that cause a lot of allergies. Instead, choose plants that don’t make pollen, like American holly or Eastern redbud. They also say you can use ground cover or rocks instead of mulch.20

Try to avoid being outside when pollen is high. Wear a face mask and keep windows shut while working in the garden. These steps, along with choosing the right plants, can make your home better for allergies. This way, you might find relief from your seasonal symptoms.2021


Allergies are very common and can be frustrating. They affect millions in the United States.22 To manage them, it’s key to know what causes them. This can be anything from pollen to indoor allergens. Once you know your triggers, you can avoid them, take medicines, or opt for natural remedies.

You could even try getting help from an allergist. They can guide you in making lifestyle changes or suggest the latest treatments. By working with them and staying informed, you can better deal with allergies. This approach helps in finding the best summary of allergy management strategies.

In the U.S., pollen levels have risen, especially in Texas and the Midwest. This increase is linked to climate change. It has made allergy seasons longer and pollen amounts more than before.22 Dealing with these environmental issues and knowing your allergens can make managing allergies easier. It offers hope for long-term relief.

Understanding your allergies is crucial. It helps whether they are seasonal or year-round. Additionally, knowing your options for treatment is empowering. Combining strategies like avoiding triggers, taking meds, and considering immunotherapy can do wonders. It gives you a Summary of allergy management strategies. And this can really tackle allergies effectively.


What are the most common seasonal allergy triggers?

The American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology says tree pollens start in spring. Next, grass pollens join in late spring and summer. Finally, ragweed becomes a big issue in the fall. Mold is another big seasonal allergen.

How do weather and climate impact allergy symptoms?

Things like temperature and wind can change pollen and mold levels. For instance, cool nights and warm days help pollination. While rain can wash away pollen, it also boosts plant growth and mold.

What are some strategies for reducing exposure to indoor and outdoor allergens?

Indoors, use air conditioning and HEPA air filters to prevent allergens. Also, a dehumidifier and vacuum with a HEPA filter work well. Outdoors, avoid pollen by skipping lawn mowing or weed pulling. Check pollen forecasts to reduce your time outside on high pollen days.

What are the common symptoms of seasonal allergies?

Common symptoms include sneezing, itching, and a runny or stuffy nose. Watery, itchy eyes are also typical. Allergens such as pollen, mold, dust mites, and pet dander can trigger these symptoms.

What types of over-the-counter medications can provide relief for allergy symptoms?

For relief, try oral antihistamines and nasal sprays with corticosteroids. Decongestants can also lessen symptoms. And some medicines combine an antihistamine with a decongestant.

What are some natural allergy relief strategies?

Rinsing your nasal passages with a saline solution can remove allergens. Natural supplements like butterbur and spirulina might help, but we need more research on their safety and effectiveness.

How can allergy shots (immunotherapy) help with managing allergies?

Allergy shots work by giving you small amounts of what you’re allergic to. This helps your body get used to the allergen, reducing your reaction over time.

How do year-round (perennial) allergies differ from seasonal allergies?

Year-round allergies are from both indoor and outdoor allergens. These include dust mites, pet dander, mold, and pollen. While seasonal allergies have specific triggers, year-round allergies can happen at any time.

Why is it important to start allergy medication treatment early?

Starting allergy medication two weeks before the expected symptoms can prevent their severity. It’s also critical to work with an allergy specialist for the best treatment.

What lifestyle adjustments can help manage allergy symptoms?

Check pollen and mold forecasts. Keep windows closed on high-allergen days. Use air purifiers, dehumidifiers, and HEPA filters to create a cleaner indoor space.

What are some emerging allergy treatments and research areas?

Research is looking into new drugs and treatments. This includes biologics and under-the-tongue immunotherapy. The potential of natural remedies like herbal extracts is also being studied.

How can allergies affect children, and how should they be managed at school?

Children’s allergies can include food, dust mites, and pet dander. It’s essential to work with the school for a safe environment. Provide information on allergies and emergency action plans.

How can allergy-friendly gardening and landscaping choices help manage symptoms?

Choosing low-pollen plants and avoiding allergenic ones can reduce outdoor allergens. A well-kept lawn also helps. Wear a face mask while gardening and avoid peak pollen times for better symptom management.

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