Back Pain and Fever: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Feeling back pain and fever? It might mean serious problems like infections or injuries. The link between back pain and fever is key. Long-lasting back pain might show your immune system isn’t strong. Many things can cause back pain with fever. Some examples are infections in the spine, or issues with the kidneys and muscles.

Look out for signs like more pain and fever, or tingling in your legs. Problems with moving your bowels or bladder, or pain that spreads in the legs are also signs to watch for. It’s vital to see a doctor quickly when you have back pain and fever. Getting the right diagnosis and treatment early is very important. This helps to avoid serious problems.

Key Takeaways

  • Back pain and fever can indicate serious underlying conditions, such as infections or injuries.
  • Prolonged back pain may be a sign of a weakened immune system, making the body more vulnerable to infections.
  • Potential causes of back pain with fever include spinal epidural abscess, vertebral osteomyelitis, meningitis, spinal cord abscess, kidney infection, and rhabdomyolysis.
  • Recognizing red flag signs, such as recurring and increasing back pain and fever, is crucial for seeking prompt medical attention.
  • Proper diagnosis and early treatment are essential for effectively managing back pain and fever to prevent severe complications.

Understanding Back Pain and Fever

The back pain and fever connection is vital to grasp. Prolonged back pain might show a weak immune system. When our body’s defense is low, we catch infections easier. These infections can cause both back pain and fever.

The Connection Between Back Pain and Fever

Back pain and fever often show up together. They are signals of an infection or inflammation under our skin. This back pain and fever relationship is hard to figure because back pain can raise our body’s temperature, causing a low-grade fever. Also, having a fever makes us more at risk for infections in places like the brain, spinal cord, and lower back.

Prolonged Back Pain: A Sign of a Weak Immune System

Long-lasting back pain and fever might mean our immune system is weak. If our immune system doesn’t work well, we easily get infections. These infections bring both back pain and fever. It’s key to deal with long back pain quickly. It could mean something is wrong that needs a doctor’s help.

Potential Causes of Back Pain with Fever

Feeling back pain along with a fever can signal different health issues. These include spinal epidural abscess, vertebral osteomyelitis, and meningitis. Spinal cord abscess, kidney infection, and rhabdomyolysis are other possible causes.

Spinal Epidural Abscess

A spinal epidural abscess happens when pus builds up in the spine, affecting the spinal cord. It’s often from a bacterial infection. This issue needs quick treatment to avoid damage to the nervous system.

Vertebral Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis is a bone infection that can be extremely painful. Vertebral osteomyelitis is a rare spinal infection. It might happen after injury or surgery. It can start somewhere else in the body and travel to the spine too.


Meningitis is when a fluid and membrane around the brain and spine swell. This can cause headaches, fever, and seizures. It might be due to various causes like bacteria or viruses.

Spinal Cord Abscess

A spinal cord abscess can cause lasting damage to the spine. It is to do with infection and pus around the spine. It might cause bladder issues or even paralysis.

Kidney Infection

A kidney infection, also called pyelonephritis, can begin in the bladder or urethra. It can then spread to the kidneys. Bacteria from elsewhere in the body might cause these infections too.

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Rhabdomyolysis happens when muscle parts get into the blood. This can lead to kidney problems. It’s because the kidneys have trouble filtering out these muscle wastes.

Can Normal Back Pain Cause Fever?

Lower back pain and fever might mean your body’s immunity is low. Usually, these go away after a few days without a fever. But, if you have a fever, chills, and pain in your lower back, it’s a sign of something serious.

If the pain and fever don’t get better or get worse, see a doctor fast. Chills with the pain and fever might show an infection or something serious. Don’t mix up normal pain with something worse. Fast treatment for bad cases is really important.

Knowing about back pain and fever can help you get the right help. See a doctor if you’re not feeling better or if you get worse. Getting to the cause early can stop big problems and keep you healthy.

Red Flag Signs to Watch For

Back pain with a fever means you should watch for certain warning signs. These signs show there might be a serious health issue needing quick treatment.

Recurring and Increasing Back Pain and Fever

Noticing more and more back pain and fever that won’t go away is a big alert. This could point to something serious, like a spinal infection.

Tingling or Numbness

Feeling tingling or numb below your waist calls for fast care. It might mean nerve issues from your back and spine.

Weakness in the Legs

Weak legs signal a need for quick medical checkup. It could show a problem with your nerves or spinal cord.

Loss of Bowel or Bladder Control

Not being able to control your bowel or bladder is urgent. It could be due to a dangerous condition, like cauda equina syndrome.

Radiating Pain in the Legs

Pain that moves down your legs (sciatica) might be about nerves. A healthcare provider can find the reason and figure out what to do.

If you notice any of these signs, getting medical help fast is key. Don’t wait, as avoiding these issues could lead to bigger problems. Talk to your healthcare provider soon for the best care and advice.

Back Pain and Fever: When to Seek Medical Attention

If you see signs like more back pain and fever, call a doctor right away. You may also feel tingling, have weak legs, or not control your bladder. This problem could get worse fast, so it’s urgent to get help.

Don’t overlook worsening back pain with fever. It might be a big issue like a spine infection or meningitis. Fast treatment stops big problems like nerve damage or even death in rare cases.

Feeling worse and worse, with back pain and fever? See a doctor now. Quick care and finding out what’s wrong early can help a lot with your health.

Diagnosing the Underlying Cause

Having back pain and fever for a while can be tough. Knowing what’s wrong is key to treating it right. Your doctor will do a lot to figure out what’s causing your discomfort.

Physical Examination

Your doctor will start by looking you over. They’re checking how bad your back pain and fever are. They’ll also look for sore spots, bumps, or anything else strange. This exam helps your doctor see how serious things are and get clues on what’s going on.

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Imaging Tests

To get a better look at your back pain and fever, the doctor might want images. These images could be from X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs. They’re great for spotting spinal infections, herniated discs, and other issues adding to your pain.

Laboratory Tests

Besides a check-up and images, the doctor might need some laboratory tests. Blood work and cultures are types of tests they might ask for. These can find infections or other hidden problems causing your back pain and fever.

Putting together the physical exam, images, and lab results gives a clear view. This view helps your doctor make a plan to treat you well. This makes sure you get better as soon as possible.

Treatment Options for Back Pain and Fever

Dealing with back pain and fever needs a good plan. We want to treat the root cause and ease the symptoms. This can mean taking medications, doing physical therapy, getting some interventional procedures, and sometimes having surgery.


Doctors often suggest nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen. These help lower swelling and ease back pain. They might also give you muscle relaxants or stronger painkillers to help more.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is key in managing back pain and fever. Skilled therapists aim to boost your strength, flexibility, and function. They do this with specific exercises, hands-on therapy, and using hot or cold packs.

Interventional Procedures

For some, an interventional procedure like a steroid shot might be needed. These are to tackle pain and swelling in a specific spot. These shots can make you feel better for a while, so you can do physical therapy and other treatments more easily.


Surgery is the last choice. But in some rare cases, it’s needed. This might be to fix spinal infections, odd structures, or other big issues. These problems might not get better with other treatments.

The right treatment for back pain and fever depends on many things. Things like what’s causing it, how bad it is, and what you prefer. Working with your doctor to make a plan that fits your needs is really important.

back pain and fever

Feeling back pain and fever together can worry us. It might be a sign of a hidden health issue. Knowing about risk factors and how to prevent them is key.

Risk Factors for Back Pain and Fever

Many things can make us more likely to get back pain and fever. These include:

  • Age: The older we get, the more we tend to have back pain and issues.
  • Lack of Exercise: Not moving enough can make our muscles weak and not support our back well.
  • Excess Weight: Being too heavy puts more stress on our back, which can hurt.
  • Certain Diseases: Illnesses like arthritis or osteoporosis can up the chances of us feeling back pain and fever.
  • Improper Lifting: Lifting wrong or moving heavy things can cause back injuries.
  • Psychological Conditions: Feeling stressed or down can lead to or make back pain worse.
  • Smoking: Smoking isn’t just bad for your lungs. It can also hurt your spine.
  • Poor Sleep: Not sleeping well can make back pain more intense and make us more likely to get sick.

Preventive Measures

Here’s how to help keep back pain and fever away:

  1. Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle: Stay active, keep your weight in check, and eat right. This helps your back stay healthy.
  2. Practice Proper Body Mechanics: Use the right ways to lift, bend, and move. This lowers the risk of hurting your back.
  3. Address Underlying Health Conditions: If you have other health issues, see a doctor. They can help you prevent back pain and fever.
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Being proactive and preventing risks is good for our health. It can help keep back pain and fever away. This way, we stay healthy and feel well.


Back pain and fever might show something serious. You need to see a doctor fast. It’s important to know the reasons and the signs. Then, get the right help. This will keep you healthy.

If your back pain and fever keep coming back, get help at once. Watch out for signs like tingling, leg weakness, or not controlling your bladder. These could mean a big problem. So, go see a doctor as soon as you can.

Your doctor can help find out why you’re having these pains and fever. It could be an infection or a health issue. Getting the right care can make you feel better. And it stops things from getting worse. You can be healthy again with the right help.


What is the connection between back pain and fever?

Back pain and fever could show serious issues. They might be from infections or hurt areas. It’s key to know how they connect. This way, we can tell if our immune system is strong.

Can prolonged back pain be a sign of a weak immune system?

Yes, long-lasting back pain can mean our immune system is not strong. When you have back pain and fever, your body is open to infections. This can lead to more pain and stress, which raises the fever even more.

What are the potential causes of back pain with fever?

There are many reasons this might happen. These include things like infections, diseases, and even kidney issues.

Can normal back pain cause fever?

Usually, some back pain and fever go away in a few days without worry. But if you feel very cold, or your fever gets worse, it might be something serious.

What are the red flag signs to watch for with back pain and fever?

Watch out for these signs. If your back pain and fever keep coming back and get worse, or if you feel weak or can’t control going to the bathroom, talk to a doctor quickly.

When should you seek medical attention for back pain and fever?

If you see these warning signs, it’s time to get help fast. It’s important to treat this quickly.

How is the underlying cause of back pain and fever diagnosed?

Doctors will check you carefully, maybe order some pictures of your body, and run some tests. This helps them find out what’s wrong.

What are the treatment options for back pain and fever?

Many things can help, including medicines, exercises, some doctor procedures, and sometimes even surgery if really needed.

What are the risk factors for back pain and fever?

Things like how old you are, not moving enough, too much weight, certain health issues, bad lifting skills, and even stress can be risky.

How can you prevent or reduce the risk of back pain and fever?

To stay safe, it’s good to live healthily, move often, lift right, and deal with any medical problems you might have.