Fall Allergies: How to Manage Symptoms This Season

Fall allergies wreaking havoc? Our guide helps manage symptoms with tips on avoiding triggers, using medications effectively, and seeking medical advice when needed.

The fall season brings colorful leaves and cooler weather. Yet, it also marks the time many face allergy symptoms like sneezing and itchy eyes. These symptoms are part of seasonal allergies, also called hay fever or allergic rhinitis. Fall allergies are mostly caused by ragweed, affecting 75% of people with spring allergies.

Another big trigger is mold spores found in wet leaves. Also, when heating systems are started, dust mites thrive. To handle fall allergies, a mix of avoiding triggers, using medications, and possibly getting immunotherapy is key. 1

Key Takeaways

  • Ragweed is the top cause of fall allergies, impacting those with spring allergies.
  • Other triggers include mold spores and dust mites.
  • Strategies like avoidance, medicine, and immunotherapy can lessen symptoms.
  • Watching pollen and mold levels and taking steps to lower allergen exposure is crucial.
  • Using both over-the-counter and prescription meds, plus nasal irrigation, can help.

Understanding Fall Allergies

Ragweed is a big issue in the fall, releasing pollen from August to October.1 Its pollen can travel far, causing allergies in many.1 Some people also react to bananas, melons, and zucchini because they contain similar proteins to ragweed.

Ragweed: The Primary Culprit

Ragweed’s pollen can fly for miles, affecting people far from the plant.1 There are different medications for these allergies. They include nasal sprays, antihistamines, and immunotherapy like allergy shots.1 Be careful with decongestant sprays, using them for over 3 days can make congestion worse.1

Mold: Another Common Trigger

Mold spores thrive in wet places outside, especially in damp leaves.1 Turning on the heat can also spread dust mites, leading to sneezing and a runny nose.1 Kids might face more allergies at school due to mold and dust mites there.1

Other Allergens to Watch Out For

Plants like burning bush, cocklebur, pigweed, and sagebrush can bother people in the fall too.2 Knowing your triggers and working with an allergist can really help.2 They can offer advice on how to manage allergies, making life easier for those affected.2

Identifying Your Allergy Triggers

Fall allergies show with sneezing, itchy eyes, and a stuffy nose.2 Seeing an allergist can help find what triggers your symptoms if they are worse in autumn.

Symptoms of Fall Allergies

Common triggers are pollen, dust mites, mold, and pet dander.3 Learning your triggers helps your doctor suggest the best treatment.

Allergy Testing: Skin Tests and Blood Tests

Tests like skin pricks or blood tests can discover your allergens.23 An insect sting can cause a severe reaction called anaphylaxis. It needs fast medical help and shows as trouble breathing or swelling.3

allergy testing

Reducing Exposure to Allergens

To manage fall allergies, the key is avoiding triggers. Always check pollen and mold levels in your area. Stay inside when these counts are high.4 Wearing a face mask can help too. It changes air temperature and moisture, reducing sniffles.4

Monitoring Pollen Counts and Air Quality

Keeping your indoor air clean is essential for allergy sufferers. Use HEPA filters and dehumidifiers to keep the air pure. Vacuum and dust regularly to cut down on allergens.5 Devices with CERTIFIED asthma & allergy friendly® filters can remove nearly all allergens from the air.5

Keeping Indoor Air Clean

When you venture outside, watch out for allergens. Wear a mask and reduce your outside time on breezy, dry days. These days, pollen is airborne a lot, thanks to climate change.4 Pollen seasons are longer, and the daily count has gone up in the past 25 years.4

Avoiding Outdoor Triggers

4 If you’re exposed to air pollution as a kid, you might develop allergies and asthma. Airborne irritants can make asthma and hay fever worse.4 This is especially true for vulnerable groups.4

Over-the-Counter Remedies

Over-the-counter allergy medications are easy to find without a doctor’s note. Antihistamines like Zyrtec, Allegra, and Claritin can stop sneezing and ease a stuffy, itchy nose. Decongestants such as Sudafed can help with nasal congestion. Corticosteroid nasal sprays like Flonase and Nasacort lessen swelling in your nose. It’s best to start these medicines before allergies hit hard.6


Fall allergy symptoms can be managed with oral antihistamines. These medicines stop the body’s reaction, so you sneeze less and your nose doesn’t itch. Some antihistamines can make you sleepy, but there are non-drowsy ones too.6

See also  Survive Allergy Season: Tips for Reducing Symptoms


To deal with a stuffy nose, try decongestant nasal sprays and pills. But, don’t use sprays like oxymetazoline for over 3 days to avoid making your congestion worse.6

Nasal Sprays

Nasal steroid sprays from the store can also help by fighting off swelling.6 They’re available without a prescription. Cromolyn sodium spray (NasalCrom) is another non-prescription choice that works well for some people.6

Nasal Irrigation and Saline Rinses

7 Doctors suggest rinsing your sinuses to help with allergies.7 This method is good for yearly and seasonal allergies by getting rid of allergens.

7 It clears the nose and sinuses from mucus and helps against colds.7 Eventually, this can avoid the growth of bacteria in those areas.

7 Neti pots have been around for ages and are easy to find.7 Mix ½ to 1 teaspoon of salt with 16 ounces of water for a rinse.7 Using them daily, in the morning and evening, during allergy seasons works best.

7 For a different approach, saline sprays are available at stores.7 They’re easy to carry around, good for when you might meet allergens.7 Doctors suggest using cortisone nasal sprays for a long time to reduce allergies’ effects.

8 A study showed big improvements for those doing rinses daily.8 The Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology proposes a mix of salt and baking soda for the rinse.8 The National Institutes of Health detail safe and effective ways to rinse.

8 Common effects of rinsing include nose burning and minor irritation.8 It’s important to use the right water, like boiled or distilled, for safety. Make sure the water is clean from harmful germs.

Prescription Medications

If fall allergy symptoms are strong or stick around, you might need prescription meds.9 Medicines like fluticasone (Flonase) and triamcinolone (Nasacort) are stronger than what you can buy over the counter.9 Montelukast (Singulair), another type, stops the chemicals that cause allergy symptoms.10 Use these by themselves or with other treatments.

Corticosteroid Nasal Sprays

These sprays are for your nose and help with swelling and allergy symptoms. You use them once or twice daily.9 They’re stronger than the sprays at the store. Great for bad or long-lasting fall allergies.

Leukotriene Inhibitors

Montelukast (Singulair) is a different type of medicine for fall allergies.10 It blocks allergy symptom triggers. It’s good because it doesn’t make you sleepy like some allergy pills do.

Immunotherapy: A Long-Term Solution

If fall allergies are a struggle every year, allergy immunotherapy could be a game-changer.11 This method slowly gets your body used to allergens.11 The goal is to make you less sensitive to what you’re allergic to.11

Allergy Shots (Subcutaneous Immunotherapy)

Have you heard of allergy shots? They’re a top treatment for severe allergies.11 You get regular shots of the stuff you’re allergic to. In time, this can lower your body’s reaction.12

Sublingual Immunotherapy (Under-the-Tongue Tablets)

Another way to go is sublingual immunotherapy, which uses tablets under the tongue.11 It’s FDA-approved, easy, and also helps with allergies.13

13 Allergen treatment works for asthma, rhinitis, and even skin issues.13 After the therapy ends, its effects can still last for years.13

13 In the U.S., SLIT tablets are an option instead of shots. Then, there’s also long-term oral therapy for peanut allergies for kids 4 to 17. It makes reactions to peanuts less severe.13

13 Allergy shots can save money in the long run and help a lot.12 Those who go through this therapy need less allergy and asthma medicine.12 They’re also more likely to reduce asthma treatments.12

12 The research looked at insurance info from 2007 to 2017, with 5.9 million people each year.12 It found a big drop in serious asthma attacks for those on the SLIT tablets.12

Alternative Remedies and Complementary Therapies

Some choose natural or complementary remedies for fall allergies. Butterbur extracts and spirulina show some promise in reducing allergy symptoms. Yet, studies on their effectiveness are limited.14 Acupuncture is sometimes used for hay fever, but its benefits are still debated.15

Herbal Supplements

Butterbur and spirulina supplements might help with fall allergies. Butterbur, especially, works as well as or better than some drugs for managing symptoms.14 Make sure any butterbur supplements are “PA free.” Without this, they could be harmful.14 Curcumin, found in turmeric, can also help by improving nose breathing and reducing sneezing in allergy sufferers.14

See also  Allergies Today: Causes, Symptoms & Relief Strategies


Acupuncture could be beneficial for hay fever and season allergies. It has, in some cases, led to a temporary decrease in wheezing. However, the overall evidence about acupuncture’s effects is mixed.15

Talking to a doctor before trying herbs or acupuncture is crucial. They might interact with your medicine or pose other risks. Adding natural therapies to your treatment could help, but they shouldn’t replace what your doctor recommends.

Fall Allergies: Tips for Managing Symptoms

To handle fall allergy symptoms, there are tips beyond just taking medicine. Start by checking the local pollen and mold counts before going outside. Avoid places with high levels, especially late morning and midday when pollen is high.1

Keep windows closed and use air conditioning at home. This helps filter out many allergens.1 HEPA air purifiers are great for cleaning indoor air too. They can remove pollen and mold, easing your symptoms.1

Avoid activities like yard work or gardening when pollen is at its worst.1 Being smart about what you do outside can make a big difference in how much allergies bother you.

Allergy-Proofing Your Home

Keeping your home free of allergens is important, especially in the fall. Vacuum often with a HEPA filter to trap pollen, mold, and dust mites.16 Dust surfaces frequently, and wash bedding in hot water to eliminate dust mites.16 Cover mattresses and pillows with allergy-proof materials to block tiny allergen particles.5 It’s also crucial to keep indoor humidity low, aiming for 35-50%, to stop mold.17

Vacuum and Dust Regularly

To reduce allergens, vacuum and dust your house often. A vacuum with a HEPA filter is best for removing pollen, mold, and dust mites.16 Use a damp cloth to wipe surfaces regularly. This helps get rid of dust and allergens.16

Use Allergen-Proof Bedding

Fall allergies are often triggered by dust mites. Protect your sleep area by washing bedding in hot water weekly. Make sure it’s at least 130°F (54°C) to kill the mites.16 Also, cover your mattress and pillows with allergen-proof cases. This creates a barrier against dust mites.5

Keep Humidity Levels Low

It’s key to keep indoor humidity at the right levels to prevent mold and reduce dust mites. Try to maintain between 35% and 50% humidity.17 Using a dehumidifier or air conditioner can help keep the moisture under control.16

When to Seek Medical Attention

Fall allergy symptoms can often be eased with self-care and meds you can buy without a prescription. But if these treatments aren’t working, it may be time to see a doctor. If you have severe allergy symptoms, talking to an allergist or your doctor is smart. This step is crucial for those with asthma, as fall allergens can make asthma worse. If you see no improvement with simple treatments, getting professional help makes sense.18

Severe or Persistent Symptoms

For those dealing with seasonal allergies, if the standard meds don’t help much, it’s a clear sign to talk to a doctor. If you get sinus infections or face trouble breathing due to your allergies, you should see a healthcare provider.18 You might need to seek help if things have gotten worse over time and are now affecting your life.18

Asthma Exacerbations

People with asthma who think they’re developing seasonal allergies should seek medical help. Allergies can make asthma symptoms worse, so it’s wise to get advice. If symptoms like congestion, sneezing, and wheezing last for weeks over multiple seasons, it’s time to see a doctor. Persistent issues warrant professional evaluation.18

Specialists can use blood tests or skin-prick tests to identify pollen allergies. They can then offer treatments like special meds or allergy shots.18 To lessen seasonal allergies, allergists may suggest closing windows during pollen season, changing into clean clothes after going outside, and opting for a dryer instead of air-drying clothes.18

Preventing Fall Allergies

The best way to tackle fall allergies is by being ahead. Start taking allergy meds, either over-the-counter or prescribed, before you usually get symptoms.19 Doing this can stop your immune system from going into overdrive. It lessens how bad your reactions are. For people dealing with serious fall allergies,19 immunotherapy might be a game-changer. It teaches your immune system not to react strongly to certain triggers.19

See also  Allergy Symptoms: Identify & Manage Common Reactions

Early Intervention with Medications

It’s smart to be ready with OTC meds and see an allergist to fight fall allergies early.19 Start taking these meds before your symptoms show up. This can calm your immune system and make your reactions not as severe.19

Allergy Immunotherapy

For those struggling with tough fall allergies, allergy shots could be your fix.19 Seeing an allergist is key. They’ll figure out the best way to avoid or treat your allergies.19 Shot therapy can cut down on symptoms and daily meds. It really helps.19


Fall allergies can really get in the way of enjoying the season. But, there are ways to tackle the problem. 202122 To start, know what triggers your allergies, like ragweed and mold. Then, use a mix of avoiding allergens, taking over-the-counter meds, or maybe getting a doctor’s help.

By using the right methods, you can lower your allergic reactions and have fun in autumn. 22 Keep an eye on pollen and mold levels, shut windows, and use air filters. 22 This way, you can enjoy the season more and work with your doctor to stay healthy.

Fall allergies are common, but they shouldn’t stop you from loving fall. 2122 With smart moves, you can avoid the worst symptoms. And really take in all the beauty of the season.


What are the primary triggers for fall allergies?

Fall allergies are mainly caused by ragweed pollen and mold spores. Ragweed starts releasing pollen in August. It can last through September and October. This affects those allergic to ragweed. Mold spores found in damp areas, like piles of leaves, are also a big trigger.

How can I identify if I have fall allergies?

Signs of fall allergies are sneezing, watery eyes, and a runny or stuffy nose. If you often feel these symptoms in the fall, you might have fall allergies. It’s best to see an allergist to confirm. They can run tests to see what you are allergic to, such as ragweed or mold.

What are some ways to reduce exposure to fall allergy triggers?

You can reduce exposure to fall allergens by doing a few things. First, keep an eye on the pollen and mold counts in your area. When they’re high, stay inside with the windows closed. Use air conditioning with HEPA filters to clean the air indoors. Also, avoid outdoor activities when pollen levels are highest.

What over-the-counter medications can help manage fall allergy symptoms?

Oral antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal sprays can help ease fall allergy symptoms. Start taking these medications before you usually get symptoms for the best effect.

How can nasal irrigation and saline rinses help with fall allergies?

Using a saline solution to rinse your nose can clear out mucus and allergens. This can reduce congestion and help you breathe better. It’s a simple and cheap method to aid in controlling allergies.

When might prescription medications or immunotherapy be necessary for fall allergies?

If over-the-counter medicines don’t help, you might need prescription nasal sprays or other drugs. For long-lasting relief, allergy shots or under-the-tongue tablets might be necessary. Talk to your doctor or an allergist to explore these options.

Are there any natural or complementary therapies for managing fall allergies?

Some people turn to herbal supplements such as butterbur and spirulina for allergy relief. Acupuncture has also been tried. However, the effectiveness of these approaches is not well proven. Remember to talk with your doctor before trying anything new.

When should I seek medical attention for my fall allergies?

If your symptoms are severe or keep coming back, it’s time to see a specialist. This is especially true if you have asthma, as allergies can make it worse.

Source Links

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  9. https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/know-which-medication-right-your-seasonal-allergies
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  12. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8640513/
  13. https://www.aaaai.org/tools-for-the-public/conditions-library/allergies/immunotherapy-can-provide-lasting-relief
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  15. https://www.allergy-clinic.co.uk/allergies/introduction-to-allergy/complementary-alternative-medical-movement/
  16. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/allergies/in-depth/allergy/art-20049365
  17. https://www.childrenshospital.org/sites/default/files/media_migration/c22d302d-dfb7-4a9d-a713-4ac5b19365ac.pdf
  18. https://www.hackensackmeridianhealth.org/en/healthu/2021/09/21/have-allergies-6-signs-you-should-see-a-doctor
  19. https://www.nyp.org/patients-and-visitors/advances-consumers/issues/six-tips-to-combat-fall-allergies
  20. https://wellcareurgentcare.com/what-causes-fall-allergies/
  21. https://www.kentuckianaent.com/news/how-to-effectively-manage-fall-allergies
  22. https://allergypacific.com/why-are-allergies-bad-in-the-fall/