How to Test for UTI When on Period – Expert Advice

How to test for UTI when on period - Expert advice on reliable methods to diagnose urinary tract infections during menstruation.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) happen often in women. The hormonal changes during their period can make UTIs more likely.1 This guide offers expert advice on checking for a UTI when you’re menstruating. We’ll talk about gathering the right urine sample, the various tests you can take, and the best time to test during your cycle. We’ll also explore what you can do at home, how to prevent UTIs, and when it’s time to see a doctor if you have a UTI while on your period.

Key Takeaways

  • Hormonal changes during menstruation can increase the risk of developing a UTI.
  • Proper urine sample collection is crucial for accurate UTI testing during your period.
  • Diagnostic tests like urine dipstick, urinalysis, and urine culture can help detect UTIs.
  • Timing the UTI test and taking precautions can improve the accuracy of results.
  • Home remedies and lifestyle changes can help prevent UTIs during your menstrual cycle.

Understanding Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

UTIs are a common bacterial infection in the human body. They affect the urinary system, including the bladder and kidneys.1 Women are more likely to get UTIs because they have shorter urethras. This makes it easier for bacteria to enter their urinary tract.

What is a UTI?

A UTI happens when bacteria get into the urinary tract and start to grow. This causes pain and swelling.2 Hormones like estrogen help protect against UTIs. They make the vagina more acidic. But, progesterone can lower the immune response, making some people more likely to get a UTI. This is more common in the second half of the menstrual cycle.2

Types of UTIs

There are three main types of UTIs. They are cystitis (a bladder infection), pyelonephritis (a kidney infection), and urethritis (an infection of the urethra). Each one has different symptoms and needs special treatment.

Common Symptoms of UTIs

The main signs of a UTI are pain or a burning feeling when you pee. You might feel like you need to pee a lot, and it might look cloudy or bloody. Sometimes, you could have a fever or chills.2

It’s key to know that bloating, pelvic pain, fatigue, and peeing a lot can be from periods or UTIs. But, if it hurts when you pee, it’s likely not from your period. This could be a sign of a UTI.2

Learning about UTIs and what symptoms they cause can help you know when to see a doctor. This way, you can get the right treatment and feel better.

Connection Between Periods and UTIs

A woman’s menstrual cycle is linked to the risk of getting a UTI. Hormonal changes during menstruation lower the body’s ability to fight off bacteria. This makes women more likely to get UTIs during their period.2 Estrogen helps prevent UTIs by making the vagina more acidic, which is bad for bacteria like E. Coli.2 On the other hand, progesterone, which rises in the second half of the cycle, can weaken the immune system. This increases the chance of getting a UTI during that time.2

Hormonal Fluctuations During Menstruation

As estrogen levels drop during the menstrual period, the risk of a UTI goes up.3 Since estrogen is lowest during this time, the risk of a UTI increases.3 Knowing how your body’s hormones and anatomy affect UTI risk is important.2

Risk Factors for UTIs During Periods

Hormonal shifts aren’t the only things that affect UTI risk during menstruation. Stress, not drinking enough water, and having sex more often can also lead to UTIs.3 High stress raises the risk of a UTI because it weakens the immune system.3 More sex during a period can cause a sex-related UTI.4 Using pads, tampons, and underwear can also increase the chance of UTIs. They can hold and spread bacteria.4

To lessen the risk, it’s essential to keep clean, drink plenty of water, and try to stay stress-free.3 Changing pads and tampons often is a good way to help prevent UTIs.3 Drinking lots of water is key for both preventing UTIs and helping your period move smoothly. It flushes bacteria out of the urinary tract.4

Importance of Proper Urine Sample Collection

Getting a urine sample right is key for precise5 UTI checks. People need to clean their private parts, skip the first pee, and catch the middle part.6 If someone can’t do it themselves, like with a leaky bladder or during their period, a doctor might help with a catheter.6

Preparing for Urine Sample Collection

It’s good not to use the bathroom for 1-2 hours before the test.6 Also, clean your private area using a gentle, smell-free soap and water to keep it clean.6

Techniques for Self-Collection of Urine

To do a good home pee sample, do this:

  1. Wash hands with soap and water.
  2. Clean the genital area with a gentle, unscented wipe or cloth.
  3. Hold the labia apart and begin urinating, discarding the first part of the stream.
  4. Collect the midstream portion of the urine in the provided sterile container.

Catheter-Assisted Urine Collection

If you can’t do it on your own, maybe due to a leaky bladder or your period, a catheter might be needed.6 A health worker will use a sterile tube to get a clean sample from the bladder.6

Key Considerations for Proper Urine Sample Collection
  • Avoid using the restroom for 1-2 hours prior to sample collection6
  • Clean the genital area with mild, unscented soap and water6
  • Discard the first part of the urine stream and collect the midstream portion6
  • Use a sterile, leak-proof container for sample collection6
  • Catheter-assisted collection may be necessary for some patients6
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Getting the sample right makes sure the test shows exactly what’s going on with your health.


Diagnostic Tests for UTIs

There are several7 [diagnostic tests for utis]. Some include a urine dipstick, microscopic urinalysis, and urine culture. A urine dipstick test shows if there are certain substances in the urine. These could mean a UTI is present7. Microscopic urinalysis looks at the urine closely to find signs of infection, like red or white blood cells. A urine culture is the best at diagnosing UTIs. It can tell the exact bacteria causing the UTI. Then, doctors can choose the right medicine to treat it7.

Urine Dipstick Test

The7 [urine dipstick test] is an easy and fast way to check for UTIs. It finds certain substances in the urine. These substances can show if there’s a bacterial infection in the urinary tract.

Microscopic Urinalysis

A7 [microscopic urinalysis] carefully looks at a urine sample under a microscope. It finds red and white blood cells, bacteria, and other infection signs. This test gives more information about the UTI’s type and how serious it is.

Urine Culture

The7 [urine culture] is the top test for UTI diagnosis. It grows bacteria found in the urine sample. This way, doctors can figure out the specific bacteria causing the UTI. Then, they can choose the best medicine to treat it.

how to test for uti when on period

Testing for a UTI while on your period requires careful timing and some precautions for reliable results.6 Menstrual blood might mix with the urine sample, causing the test to be inaccurate.6 If possible, it’s wise to wait until your period ends or your next cycle starts to do the test.6 Also, be sure to mention any medications, including antibiotics or supplements, you’re currently taking. These can also influence the test.

Timing of Testing During Menstrual Cycle

Choosing the right time to test for a UTI while you’re menstruating is key.6 Menstrual blood in the urine sample can lead to false results.6 Waiting until your period finishes, or your new cycle begins, is a good idea to prevent this problem.

Precautions for Accurate Test Results

For accurate UTI test results during your period, observe some important steps.6 Certain medicines and supplements, like vitamin B, can change the urine.6 Make sure to tell your doctor about any medications you’re on. This helps them understand your test results better.6 It’s also vital to correctly collect your urine sample. Don’t eat or drink anything a few hours before collecting it.

Home Remedies and Prevention

While UTIs often need antibiotics, some home remedies can lower UTI risks or ease symptoms.8 Many people get UTIs, with more women than men. Learning about these tips is helpful.

Hydration and Cranberry Juice

Drinking lots of water is key for kicking out bad bacteria.8 Frequent restroom visits help clear your system.9 Try to drink six to eight glasses of water daily. This helps clean the urinary tract. Also, cranberry juice might stop bacteria from sticking.89

Probiotics and Dietary Considerations

Eating probiotics might fight off UTIs.8 These good bugs stop bad bacteria from clinging to the urinary tract.9 Probiotics can be used with antibiotics for better results. Plus, more vitamin C in your diet makes urine more acidic, which bacteria don’t like.8 Avoiding coffee, alcohol, and spicy foods helps, too.

Hygiene Practices During Menstruation

Good hygiene stops UTIs, especially when on your period.8 Women using certain birth control methods face higher UTI risks. Change your protection often and skip scented feminine products. They can cause irritation.9 Wear loose cotton clothes to keep the area dry and avoid UTIs.

8 If UTI symptoms last more than a few days or keep coming back, see a doctor. They can help with proper treatment and avoid complications.

When to Seek Medical Attention

If UTI symptoms stick around or get worse, or you notice a fever, back pain, or feel confused, it’s time to see a doctor.10 Getting help quickly is key. A mild kidney infection can cause major problems.10

Persistent or Severe Symptoms

Noticing a burning feeling when you pee, peeing often, or having cloudy pee are typical UTI signs. If they don’t improve after a couple of days or if they get worse, it’s time for a doctor’s visit.10 Changing some habits can help with UTIs, but ongoing or severe symptoms might point to a bigger problem.10

Complications of UTIs

If you leave a UTI untreated, it might develop into a serious kidney or blood infection. This could be really harmful.10 Finding and treating underlying conditions, like kidney stones, early is crucial. It stops UTIs from reaching the serious stage.10 Also, guys can get UTIs that go to their prostate, needing a longer antibiotic course.10

For persistent or severe UTI symptoms, act fast. This can prevent the infection from getting worse and causing more problems.

UTIs and Pregnancy

Dealing with urinary tract infections (UTIs) during pregnancy is serious. They can lead to problems like preterm labor and kidney infections.11 Pregnancy makes women more likely to get UTIs. This is because hormones and changes in the urinary tract play a part.11

Risks of UTIs During Pregnancy

Utis can be bad for pregnant women. They may cause kidney infections, leading to early labor and low-weight newborns.11 The work of pregnancy hormones can make UTIs more likely. These changes in the body’s makeup and the pressure from the growing baby can increase UTI risks.11

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Escherichia coli, or E. coli, from the rectum, is often behind UTIs.11 Group B streptococcus might also cause UTIs. Doctors might check for it during pregnancy to keep babies safe.11

Testing and Treatment Options

Pregnant women should get their urine checked often to catch any UTIs early.11 Doctors usually use antibiotics to treat UTIs in pregnancy. Drugs like amoxicillin and erythromycin are safe options.11 But if a UTI becomes a kidney infection, it can lead to serious issues like early labor or major infections.11

Antibiotic Treatment for UTIs

Antibiotics are the top treatment for urinary tract infections (UTIs). They fight and kill the bacteria that cause the infection. This treatment takes 3 days to 6 weeks to fully work. Common types of antibiotics include Amoxicillin, Cephalosporins, Doxycycline, Fluoroquinolones, Nitrofurantoin, and Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.1

Common Antibiotic Medications

Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim) can hurt good bacteria and its resistance is growing.12 Cephalosporins are safe during pregnancy but not while nursing.12 Nitrofurantoin is often given to prevent UTIs and its treatment runs for 7 days.12 Amoxicillin/potassium clavulanate (Augmentin) works with two different mechanisms.12 Fluoroquinolones like ciprofloxacin (Cipro) are resisted by some bacteria, thus not great for children, pregnant women, or those with heart issues.12

Potential Side Effects and Precautions

13Antibiotics can cause side effects like a rash and diarrhea or serious issues like Clostridioides difficile or allergic responses.13 Antibiotic resistance is a big worry when treating UTIs. over time, bacteria can become resistant to these drugs.13 It’s key to take your antibiotics as directed and tell your doctor if you have any issues.13

13Finishing all your antibiotics is very important to fully kill the infection. Certain home treatments may help with symptoms, like baking soda, apple cider vinegar, cranberry products, or D-mannose. But these home remedies are not a full substitute for seeing a doctor.13

Differentiating UTI Symptoms from Pregnancy

Pregnant women might feel like they have a UTI due to some of the same symptoms, like peeing more often or feeling uncomfortable.14 But it’s important to know the real cause of these signs. A UTI during pregnancy can be very serious if not dealt with.14

Overlapping Symptoms

UTI and period symptoms may look alike, including feeling bloated, having pain in the pelvis, being tired, and needing to pee a lot.2 Yet, if urinating is painful, it’s more likely a sign of infection rather than a usual period symptom.2

Importance of Proper Diagnosis

A pregnant woman with a UTI can be found through a urine test. This test looks for bacteria or other signs of an infection.14 It’s key to get the right diagnosis and treat it quickly. This can stop any problems and keep the mom and baby healthy.

Risk Factors for Recurrent UTIs

Some people, especially women, are more likely to get UTIs over and over. This is more common as they get older, especially after menopause. Certain sexual activities and using some birth control methods can also raise the chances.15

Older Age and Menopause

Menopause changes things in the body and makes women more at risk for UTIs.15 Around 53% of women 55 or older get UTIs again within a year. This is higher than the 36% of younger women.15

Over half of all women have had at least one UTI in their lives. And about a quarter of them get another UTI within six months of treating the first one.15

Sexual Activity and Birth Control Methods

Sex and using things like diaphragms or spermicides can push bacteria into the urinary system. This ups the risk for UTIs.15 Women who have sex more than twice a week are three times more likely to get UTIs.15 Using condoms that have spermicide can also up the chances of getting UTIs again.15

Knowing about and dealing with these risk factors is key to stopping recurrent UTIs.1516

Lifestyle Changes to Prevent UTIs

Medical ways to dodge UTIs are available, but lifestyle tweaks can also help, especially in women during their period.17 It’s key to stay clean by wiping correctly and not using perfumed lady products. This lessens the chance of bad bacteria getting into the urinary system.17 Plus, keeping stress low and drinking lots of water matters a lot. Stress can make our immune system weaker. And without enough water, bacteria can grow easily.17 Taking these steps seriously can cut the risk of getting a UTI.

Hygiene and Intimate Care

Keeping yourself clean is very important to keep UTIs away.17 For women, it’s a must to wipe correctly to stop bacteria going from the back area to the urethra. Also, steer clear of scented lady products like pads, tampons, and wipes. They can irritate and cause infection.17 During your period, changing pads or tampons often keeps your private parts dry and free from bacteria.

Stress Management and Fluid Intake

High stress levels can make it easier for us to get UTIs.17 Finding ways to relax, like through meditation, yoga, or working out, helps our bodies fight infections.17 Drinking water is a huge help. Aim for at least 50 ounces (roughly 1.5 liters) a day. This keeps your urine less concentrated, so bacteria can’t stick around.17 Also, try to pee every few hours. It keeps your urinary tract healthy and stops bacteria from growing.

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Complications of Untreated UTIs

If untreated, UTIs can cause serious issues. These include kidney infections and urosepsis.18 Kidney infections bring severe pain, fever, and may harm your kidneys for good if left alone.18

Urosepsis happens when a UTI enters the bloodstream. It leads to symptoms like fever, chills, fast heart rate, and confusion.18 These problems need quick medical care to stop further harm and long-term trouble.

Kidney Infections

If not dealt with, UTIs can turn into serious kidney infections.19 They can bring intense pain, fever, and scars on your kidneys.19 This can also result in high blood pressure and other issues for your health.19

Urosepsis (Bloodstream Infection)

A UTI sometimes moves into the blood, causing urosepsis.18 This condition is life-threatening and triggers a severe response from the immune system. It can lead to a drop in blood pressure and damage to organs.19 In extreme cases, it can be deadly.18


Testing for a UTI during your period needs special thought. Menstrual blood and changing hormones can interfere.5 It’s crucial to collect urine correctly and use the right diagnostic tests. Precautions are also vital during testing to get the right results.20 Don’t rely only on home remedies to fight UTIs. If symptoms continue or get worse, see a doctor.20 Untreated UTIs can cause serious problems like kidney infections.

Understanding the link between your period and UTIs is key. With this knowledge, women can make smart choices to protect their urinary health. This can help avoid both the pain and dangers of UTIs.

UTIs are very common and cause millions of visits to healthcare providers each year in the U.S.20 They’re also a big issue in hospitals. Up to 35% of infections caught in hospitals are UTIs.20 Knowing this, women can be on the lookout and deal with UTIs wisely, especially during their period. This helps keep their urinary system healthy.

The conclusion wraps up the main ideas talked about in this article. It stresses doing tests the right way, trying to prevent UTIs, and getting help from a doctor if needed during your period. The summary of key points focuses on the special needs for UTI testing during a woman’s period. It also points out the dangers of not treating UTIs and offers tips for keeping your urinary health in check.


How can I test for a UTI when I’m on my period?

To test for a UTI during your period, get a good urine sample. It’s best to wait until your period ends or your next cycle. This is because menstrual blood can mess with the sample. Let your doctor know about any meds you take. They could affect the test.

What are the common symptoms of a UTI?

If you have a UTI, you might feel a burning when you pee or discomfort. You could have a strong need to pee, see cloudy or bloody urine, and feel feverish or get chills.

How are UTIs connected to my menstrual cycle?

The ups and downs of hormones during your period might lower your body’s ability to fight off bad bacteria. This makes you more likely to get a UTI. Stress, not drinking enough water, and sex, which are often high during your period, can also up the UTI risk.

What are the different types of diagnostic tests for UTIs?

There are several tests for UTIs. They include urine dipstick tests, microscopic urinalysis, and urine culture. Dipstick tests show if certain substances are in your urine, hinting at a UTI. Microscopic urinalysis looks for infection signs. Urine culture is the best test, as it finds the exact bacteria.

What home remedies and preventive measures can help with UTIs during my period?

During your period, drinking plenty of water and cranberry juice can help. Probiotics, more vitamin C, and avoiding things that irritate your bladder are also smart. Make sure to keep clean, change pads or tampons often, and skip scented products to guard against UTIs.

When should I seek medical attention for a UTI during my period?

If UTI symptoms don’t go away or get worse, especially if you have a fever or severe back pain, see a doctor. Untreated UTIs can cause serious problems. They might lead to kidney or blood infections which are dangerous if not treated.

How do UTIs during pregnancy differ from regular UTIs?

Pregnant women get UTIs more easily due to body and hormonal changes. Treating UTIs during pregnancy is crucial to avoid things like preterm labor. That’s why regular tests and early treatment are important for pregnant women.

What are the potential complications of untreated UTIs?

If you don’t treat a UTI, it could turn into a kidney infection or a blood infection. These can be very serious and need urgent medical care. Fast treatment is key to avoid further health problems.

What are the risk factors for recurrent UTIs?

Older women, especially after menopause, are more likely to get recurrent UTIs. Certain sexual practices and using diaphragms or spermicides can also up your risk. The changes menopause brings to your urinary system and the introduction of bacteria during sex are factors.

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