What Kind of Doctor Treats Gout? Specialists for Gout

Several types of doctors can treat gout, including rheumatologists, primary care physicians, and podiatrists - specialists who diagnose and manage this form of arthritis caused by high uric acid levels.

Gout is a kind of arthritis that makes your joints inflamed. It happens when your body has too much uric acid. Often, this leads to pain in your big toe. Rheumatologists, primary care doctors, nephrologists, and podiatrists can help treat gout.1 But, rheumatologists know gout best. They’re experts in finding and treating it. They use special tools to see inside your body, like musculoskeletal ultrasounds and CT scans.1, Also, they always learn about new ways to help with gout. So, if your gout isn’t well controlled, it’s key to see a rheumatologist. This choice can help you not have joint problems later on.1,

Key Takeaways

  • Rheumatologists are gout specialists who provide comprehensive, targeted treatment and use advanced tools to diagnose and monitor gout.
  • Rheumatologists stay up-to-date on the latest gout treatments and guidelines, making them the experts in managing this condition.
  • Seeing a gout specialist is especially important for those with uncontrolled gout, to prevent complications and long-term joint damage.
  • Podiatrists and nephrologists can also play a role in the treatment of gout, particularly when it affects the feet or is linked to kidney disease.
  • Effective gout management requires a collaborative approach between the patient and their healthcare team, led by the rheumatologist.

Introduction to Gout

Gout is a kind of arthritis that many adults in the U.S. have.2 It happens when uric acid levels in the blood get too high.2 This leads to the formation of urate crystals in joints, like the big toe. These crystals bring severe pain and swelling.2 Men get gout more than women, but it can also strike women, mainly after menopause.2

Definition of Gout

Anyone with too much uric acid in their joints can get gout.2 Its main signs are bad pain in joints and redness. This often happens in the big toe.2

Causes of Gout

The body making too much uric acid is often linked to genes. But, diet, body weight, and some drugs play a role too.2 People with gout might also have health issues like high blood pressure or diabetes.3

Prevalence of Gout

Many adults in the U.S., over 8 million, suffer from gout.2 Doctors typically diagnose it after at least two painful attacks.2

Why Choose a Specialist for Gout Treatment?

Gout specialists help a lot, known as rheumatologists. They know so much about gout.1 They can diagnose and treat gout using the best methods. Rheumatologists at places like UCLA Health learn about new ways to treat gout.4 They can use the latest treatments to help their patients. If you have gout that’s hard to control, they can create a special plan to help you.

Comprehensive Care

Rheumatologists have special tools to find and check gout, like looking at joint fluid and using special scans.1 They make a plan just for you. This plan includes medicines to help now and stop gout from coming back.3

Expertise and Experience

1 Gout specialists, or rheumatologists, are experts in gout. They are very good at finding gout and know the newest ways to treat it.4 UCLA Health has doctors who are specialists in gout and using ultrasound to find problems.

Access to Latest Treatments

Rheumatologists at big health centers are always learning new things about gout.4 They use their new knowledge to give you the best care. They have tools like a special microscope from UCLA Health to check for gout easily.4

Types of Doctors Who Treat Gout

Many doctors can find and treat gout. This includes family doctors, joint experts, kidney doctors, and foot doctors.1

Primary Care Physicians

Family doctors are often the starting point. They can give medicines to ease gout pain.1


Joint specialists offer in-depth gout care. They use special tests and tools to check and watch the illness.1

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Kidney doctors know a lot about this. They help deal with both gout and kidney problems.1


Foot doctors are experts in spotting and treating gout early. This is crucial as gout tends to start in the big toe.1

types of doctors who treat gout

What Kind of Doctor Treats Gout?

Role of Rheumatologists

Rheumatologists help a lot with treating gout. They are big experts in conditions that cause joint, muscle, and bone swelling. They know a lot about gout’s signs and can make special treatment plans. They use special tests to check for gout and see how it’s doing.3 Rheumatologists give medicines to help with gout pain and to stop future problems.3

When to See a Rheumatologist

If your gout keeps coming back, seeing a rheumatologist is a good idea. This is especially true if you’ve had a lot of painful episodes or have hard, chalky lumps under your skin.1 Rheumatologists will check if you need different treatments.1

Diagnosing Gout

Doctors use different tests to find out if you have gout. They do blood tests, imaging tests, and check your joint fluid.3 A blood test might show high uric acid, but this isn’t always a sign of gout.2 Some people with high uric acid never get gout. And, not everyone with gout has high uric acid in their blood.32 Imaging tests, such as ultrasound and CT scans, can see if there are urate crystals in your joints.32

Blood Tests

Doctors often use uric acid blood tests to check for gout.2 They look at high uric acid levels in your blood.2

Imaging Tests

X-rays can show damage from chronic gout. Dual energy CT scans and ultrasounds also find urate crystals.2 In Europe, ultrasound is a common way to diagnose gout. In the U.S., it’s not as common.2

Joint Fluid Analysis

Looking at joint fluid under a microscope finds gout crystals best.32 Doctors at places like UCLA Health use new tools to do this better. They don’t need a lens in their microscope.3

Treating Gout Attacks

Rheumatologists use many medicines to lessen inflammation and pain from3 gout attacks. Medicines like ibuprofen and naproxen can help, but they might cause stomach problems.3 Colchicine is a medicine that fights inflammation and can lower gout pain. Yet, it might make you feel sick to your stomach.3 Corticosteroids, in pill or injected form, help with gout’s swelling and pain. However, they could bring other issues like mood swings and high blood sugar.3 When deciding on35 medicines to treat gout flares, rheumatologists look at many patient details.




Preventing Gout Complications

Rheumatologists help prevent gout issues. They can give patients meds to use long-term. This includes drugs like allopurinol, which cuts down on uric acid production.3 Others, like febuxostat and probenecid, help the kidneys get rid of uric acid. This reduces the chances of gout attacks. If you get gout often or have joint damage, these medicines are great.1 Rheumatologists watch your uric acid levels closely. They change your meds if needed to keep you healthy.3

Medications to Block Uric Acid Production

Allopurinol and febuxostat stop too much uric acid from forming. This really helps prevent gout attacks and issues later on.3 If you often get gout or have joint damage, you might get these meds.1

Medications to Improve Uric Acid Removal

Some meds also make your kidneys better at getting rid of uric acid. Probenecid is one of these drugs. It lowers uric acid levels in your blood. This means less chance of gout causing serious problems.3

Lifestyle Changes for Gout Management

Rheumatologists suggest changing some habits to help with gout. Eating less high-purine food like red meat and seafood is key.6 It’s important to drink a lot of water. And, keeping a healthy weight with good food and exercise is vital too.6

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Diet Modifications

Rheumatologists tell patients to avoid high-purine foods to lower uric acid.6 They say to eat more plant-based, low-purine foods. Like fruits and veggies. Some veggies high in purine, like asparagus and spinach, are okay. They don’t increase the risk of gout.6


Drinking plenty of water is a big deal for gout. It helps remove extra uric acid.6 Patients should aim for eight glasses a day. More, if they’re active or in a hot place.

Weight Management

Being the right weight is crucial for gout. If you cut back on calories and lose weight, uric acid levels drop.6 Rheumatologists help patients with food and an exercise plan. This keeps them healthy and lowers gout issues.


Working out is good for gout. It helps keep weight down and the heart strong.6 Things like walking and swimming are great. They’re gentle on the joints. Doctors work with patients to make a personal exercise plan. It fits their needs and abilities. This helps manage gout well.

Talking to your rheumatologist and making changes can help you handle gout better. A mix of medicine and lifestyle shifts is key. It cuts the chances of more gout attacks and problems.63

Collaborating with Your Gout Care Team

Managing gout well needs a team effort. Your main leader is the rheumatologist.1 They’re pros at spotting and treating wild gout, which can harm you for life.1 By teaming up with them and sticking to the plan, you can tame your gout. This also helps avoid big problems down the road.

Importance of Open Communication

Telling the truth and sharing openly is key. Patients must tell about new or worse symptoms, drug side effects, and health shifts.1 This info lets the rheumatologist adjust your care smartly.1 Gout starts when your body’s too full of uric acid,1 and seeing a flare or tophi twice in a year spells trouble.

Preparing for Doctor Visits

Be ready for each visit by jotting down your signs, your and your family’s health pasts, and any questions.1 Having someone you love with you can help catch all the important notes.7 The Cleveland Clinic lets you see some docs virtually, making visits easier.7 Staying close to your rheumatologist means you’re on top of your gout, stopping bad times ahead.

KRYSTEXXA can make gout worse at first, causing flares and joint pain, among others.1 Expect more of this in the first 3 months of KRYSTEXXA use.1

The Cleveland Clinic brings together top rheumatologists skilled in gout care.7 They check your blood for too much uric acid to diagnose gout,7 and do detailed tests to confirm it.7 Here, you get help for gout flares with drugs to cut uric acid and ease symptoms,7 plus advice on lifestyle changes. These changes include eating right to avoid high uric acid foods.7 They may also give you special meds like colchicine or corticosteroids to manage gout.7 The Cleveland Clinic focuses on tailoring your care for less flares and a better life.7

Specialized Gout Centers and Programs

Some schools, like UCLA Health, have special clinics for gout. These clinics provide care from many types of doctors.4 You can see rheumatologists and nephrologists.4 They know a lot about gout and related issues, like kidney disease. This means you get the best tests and treatments because they’re always learning new things.

This kind of team work helps a lot, especially if your gout is hard to control. Or if you have other serious problems.3

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Ongoing Research and Advancements in Gout Treatment

Rheumatologists at academic health centers are hard at work. They are finding new and better ways to diagnose and treat gout. For instance, at UCLA Health, they made a special lens-free microscope. It makes checking joint fluid better and more accurate, which is key for spotting gout.3

They are also looking into how dual-energy CT scans can connect gout with high cholesterol. This link can help find which patients are at more risk of heart problems.3

Moreover, these experts are trying out new drugs and treatments. They aim to keep uric acid levels in check over the long run. This, in turn, may lower the chances of gout issues. Their continuous work means that people with gout get to use the latest tests and treatments. They focus on making progress in [gout research], [new gout treatments], and [gout treatment advancements].


Gout is a serious type of arthritis that needs special attention. Many doctors can help, but rheumatologists know the most.7 They use special tests to find gout and make a treatment plan just for you.7 This plan could include medicine for pain and to stop future problems. It might also mean you change what you eat and work on your weight.7

For those who can’t control their gout, seeing a rheumatologist is key. They can stop your joints from getting damaged and help you avoid other big problems.7 It’s really smart to talk a lot with your rheumatologist. Getting ready for visits can make your gout easier to handle.8 Working with a gout expert means you get the newest help. This can make your life much better.7

Gout is getting more common and harder to treat.8 That’s why rheumatologists are so important. They learn about the newest ways to help.89 By keeping up with what’s new, they can give you the best care.9


What types of doctors can treat gout?

Doctors that help with gout include family doctors, joint experts, kidney doctors, and foot specialists.

What is the role of a rheumatologist in treating gout?

Rheumatologists focus on gout. They know a lot about it and are up on the newest ways to deal with the condition.

When should someone see a rheumatologist for gout?

A visit to a rheumatologist is crucial for bad gout cases. They can keep it from hurting your joints bad or for a long time.

How do rheumatologists diagnose gout?

They check your blood, use special pictures, and look at your joint fluids. They find gout best by testing your joint fluid for tiny crystals.

What medications do rheumatologists prescribe to treat gout?

Doctors might give drugs like NSAIDs, colchicine, and corticosteroids. These help lower swelling and stop the pain from sudden gout attacks. They also give drugs to stop future gout flare-ups.

What lifestyle changes do rheumatologists recommend for gout management?

They suggest eating better, drinking plenty of water, keeping fit, and moving gently to keep gout in check.

Why is it important to work closely with a rheumatologist for gout treatment?

Working with a team that includes a rheumatologist can make a big difference. Sticking to your treatment and talking openly keeps gout from getting worse.

What kind of specialized care is available at gout centers?

Places like UCLA Health offer special help for gout. They have teams of experts and the latest ways to fight gout.

How are rheumatologists advancing the treatment of gout?

At big health centers, rheumatologists are finding new ways to ease and stop gout. They’re looking into better tests and new drugs.

Source Links

  1. https://www.krystexxa.com/partnering-with-your-doctor/
  2. https://www.healthline.com/health/gout-diagnosis
  3. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gout/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372903
  4. https://www.uclahealth.org/medical-services/rheumatology/gout
  5. https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/gout/diagnosis-treatment-and-steps-to-take
  6. https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/gout-diet/art-20048524
  7. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/gout-treatment
  8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9004428/
  9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5624445/